How to Sample Strip Trials for Corn Nematodes
Wallaces Farmer shared an article recently including points to consider when collecting samples for nematodes in strip trials. The article stated many people have asked how to properly collect nematode samples from strip trials of corn treated with new seed-treatment nematicide products – the two most common being Avicta Complete Corn and Votivo.
Greg Tylka, an Iowa State University Extension plant pathologist and nematode expert said to consider the following when gathering samples for nematodes in strip trials.
- The new seed-treatment nematicides provide early season, not season-long, nematode protection; duration of protection is not specified or known. Differences in nematode numbers due to the nematicides may occur early in the season (four to six weeks after planting), when the nematicides are having an effect, and not later in the growing season.
- There are many different species of corn nematodes and they vary in their generation times. For example, the root lesion nematode can complete a generation in 30 to 50 days; dagger nematode will have only one generation in an entire growing season. The likelihood of detecting a difference in nematode numbers among treatments depends on what nematodes are present in the field and when the nematode samples are taken.
- Soil and root samples should be collected to assess nematode numbers. Roots are needed because some plant-parasitic nematodes feed almost entirely inside corn roots during the growing season; their numbers can be deceivingly low in the soil. Whole plants can be submitted if plants are relatively small; otherwise, root balls should be submitted. Collect several plants or root balls from each sampling area or “plot” so nematodes can be extracted from root tissue.
- It is difficult to determine where to collect samples from strips. One suggested method is to collect 20 of the 12-inch-deep soil cores and a few plants or root-balls from a four- or eight-row wide by 25- to 50-foot-long area of each strip. The sampled area will serve somewhat like a plot for each treatment.
- Collect sets of samples from “plots” in a straight line (or transect) across the various treatments in the strips. Ideal places to locate the transects in the field include: 1) areas suspected of having damaging nematode populations, 2) areas where there is poor corn growth and 3) areas with uniform soil conditions (and hopefully uniform nematode populations).
- Soils with higher than 70% sand content can be infested with needle and sting nematodes, and these nematodes can be difficult to recover in the middle of the growing season. If needle and sting nematode infestations are suspected, you should collect soil samples from strip trials within the first four to eight weeks of the season. With these nematodes, there is no need to collect root samples as both species exist exclusively in the soil. Collect several plants or root balls from each sampling area or “plot” so nematodes can be extracted from root tissue.
Click here for the full article. Tylka will be providing additional information on corn and soybean nematodes at the Latham Country Fair in Alexander, Iowa, July 30. Please watch the blog for more details!
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