Crop Report: Harvest is Underway


A customer in northeast Wisconsin called Steve Bailie this week to report he harvested 31 ton per acre of corn silage with Latham Hi-Tech Hybrids LH 5092 RR.  In 2009, this same hybrid yielded 264 bushels per acre (b/A) as dry grain for the same customer.  Also, last week in northern Wisconsin, we moisture tested LH 4303 and it has dried down to 26% already. 

Many growers are looking forward to the fact that they should not have as much drying cost in 2010 as they did in 2009. With that being said, however, Steve is encouraging growers to harvest as soon as possible because the amount of disease in corn is higher than it’s been over the past 10 years.  He’s seeing anthracnose, like the photo below that was taken last Friday in a field in southwest Wisconsin.  His territory has received 20- to 35-mile per hour winds, which doesn’t help the standability of diseased corn plants. 

Soybeans have started to turn, and it appears that yields will be very satisfying in many areas of the state. We have been seeing consistent three-bean pods.  Many four-bean pods have been found in Latham’s Genuity® Roundup Ready to Yield® Soybeans.  Last Thursday a professor from Southwest Wisconsin Technical College (SWTC) ran a yield check in a field of Latham® beans counted 102 b/A.  One thing to keep in mind when doing soybeans yield checks is to be careful with a soybean yield check because of the amount of field variability. 

South Central Iowa

Crops are progressing well with the early maturity beans turning and dropping leaves in South Central Iowa.  Travis Slusher did some moisture checks on corn with the majority being in the 22-25% moisture range mid week last week.

While traveling over the Labor Day weekend, he saw harvest in full swing in northeast Indiana with areas across northern Indiana just starting.  He didn’t see much harvesting along I-80 across Illinois, but the crops are nearly ready.  There were also some combines running just west of the Mississippi River in Iowa.

South Dakota

Farmers continue cutting silage, planting winter wheat and are preparing machinery for row- crop harvest in South Dakota. Growing degree accumulation is ahead of the average from several days to two weeks. About all the corn is through the R4 stage:  80% is in the R5 stage and 10 % is in the R6 stage, which is ahead of last year and the five year average.  However, soybeans are not ahead of last year’s crop.  About 30% of the soybeans have dropped leaves and are just starting to go into the R8 stage. Bill Eichacker says they definitely do not need an early frost for this crop.

Northern Missouri

Rick Foster reports that corn harvest has started in Clark County, Missouri.  Corn moisture is running 22%. Bean pods are filling fairly quickly now with some beans starting to mature. 

Northeast Iowa

This week silage harvest will wrap up in Nick Benson’s area.  Reports from the field have been tremendous for LH 5494 3000GT as this hybrid is showing very impressive silage tonnage!  Farmers here are also getting positive silage results from LH 5474 HXT.  This area has had tremendous drying over the last couple of weeks with reports of corn coming in at 20% moisture.  

Nick says corn will likely be harvested before beans.  The biggest concern at this moment is stalk rot.  This is the time to be out tipping stalks and checking for fields that are more apt to go down during a late season wind event.  He suggests that farmers begin by looking in corn-on-corn fields and then narrowing it down by hybrid type.  Some hybrids can handle stalk rot better than others, so checking with your seed consultant will help in this regard. 

With taking notes in his observation plot, Nick says everything looks way above average with regard to yield potential.   He says he’s never seen a plot that has this nice of ear set.   He has a lot of optimism for high yields in areas that are well drained and that had ample nitrogen throughout the season.  

North Central Iowa

Kevin Meyer reports harvest is underway in the north central Iowa.  Combines have slowly started in early varieties and have found corn around 20% moisture.  Early yields on 99-day hybrid products are comparable to or a little higher than last year.  Yields are variable going across the fields as expected with stalk quality issues being a concern.  Producers will take advantage of the weather this week to get an early start on this year’s harvest. Soybeans are turning very fast, but there has been no harvesting as of Tuesday.  Latham Hi-Tech Soybeans with the Genuity® Roundup Ready to Yield technology  continue to look good and have producers eager to get started with harvest.  

Northwest Iowa

Crops continue on a fast track of maturity this week in North Central Iowa and Northwest Iowa, says Tom Larson.  Two weeks seems to be the magic number until harvest begins.  As the plants shut down, there are some easy observations that can be made: corn hybrids that have more defensive characteristics look to have higher yield potential this year.   Latham Hi-Tech Hybrids with Agrisure look very impressive.  Latham’s soybeans with the Genuity® Roundup Ready 2 Yield® trait look like they’re going to dominate.  He received a report yesterday that L1985R2 had 176 pods on one plant.  Harvest will be fun!

East Central Iowa

Brad Beatty says he’s looking forward to seeing farmers at field days, which are scheduled nearly every day in his territory.  Corn silage chopping is ending, and hay producers are mowing their final cutting for the year. If a producer plans on keeping hay ground, it’s best to have the final cutting mowed by Sept. 15 to give the crop a chance to rest going into winter.  Wet weather has caused most alfalfa fields to have dead spots, so some producers plan to make a late cutting and then not keep this ground in alfalfa for next year.  

West Central Iowa

It appears that North Central Iowa crops are about one week ahead of West Central Iowa crops, according to Bart Peterson.  He said farmers in the Fort Dodge area started combining on Tuesday.  With harvest underway, Bart wants to remind farmers to check their corn fields for root rot or stalk root.  Prioritize which fields to harvest first since this area is receiving more than its fair share of high winds. Harvesting fields with weak stocks first can save many bushels of corn from falling on the ground, where a combine has a hard time picking it up. Drying cost can be cheap compared to lost bushels on the ground.

Photo courtesy of Iowa State University Extension
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